Tuesday, January 12, 2016

November in History

Disclaimer: This article was written in November.

This Month in History
By Nicholas Isaacs
There are many historical events that have happened in November. On November 1st, 1950, 2 Puerto Rican Nationalists attempted to assassinate President Harry S.Truman. The assassination was a failure and one of the men were killed. On November 2nd, 1962, President John F. Kennedy announced that Russia was removing its nuclear missiles from Cuba, marking the end of the Cuban Missile Crisis. On November 3rd, 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 2, which contained a dog named Laika. It was the first ever animal in space.
On November 4th, 1922, Howard Carter discovered King Tut’s tomb in Luxor, Egypt. It remains one of the only royal tombs not touched by grave robbers. On November 7th, 1944, President Franklin D. Roosevelt was re-elected to a very unexpected 4th term as president. He remains the only president to have served 4 terms as president. On November 11th, 1918, an armistice was signed by the Allied and Central Powers of World War 1 to end all battles by 11 o’clock a.m. The fighting officially stopped in 1919, when both sides signed the Treaty of Versailles. On November 15th, 1864, General William T. Sherman and his troops burned the city of Atlanta, Georgia to the ground. This was during the General’s famous “march to the sea.”
On November 19th, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln delivered his famous “Gettysburg Address.” The speech was only 3 minutes long. On November 22nd, 1963, President John F. Kennedy’s term was stopped abruptly, when he was shot and killed in Dallas, Texas. He was the last president ever to get assassinated during his term in office. On November 28th, 1520, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan went through the now called “Strait of Magellan”, which is located at the southern tip of South America. He was the first to cross from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.

Don’t think we forgot about the birthdays! Daniel Boone, one of America’s most famous frontiersmen, was born on November 2nd, 1734. Walter Cronkite, one of America’s most famous news broadcasters was born on November 4th, 1916. James Naismith, the inventor of basketball, was born on November 6th, 1861. We actually have three very famous people that were born on November 8th. Edmond Halley, the man who discovered Halley’s Comet, was born in 1656, Bram Stoker, the author of the famous novel “Dracula”, was born in 1847, and Margaret Mitchell, author of the famous book “Gone with the Wind”, was born in 1900. World War 2 general George S. Patton, the Major general of the army at the time, was born on November 11th, 1885. Robert Fulton, the creator of the first successful steamboat, was born on November 14th, 1765. Louis Daguerre, the inventor of photography, was born on November 18th, 1789. Robert F. Kennedy, U.S senator and brother of John F. Kennedy, was born on November 20th, 1925. Billy the Kid, one of America’s most notorious outlaws, was born on November 23rd, 1859. Zachary Taylor, our 12th president, was born on November 24th, 1784. John Harvard, founder of Harvard University, was born on November 26th, 1607. Two men who were born on November 30th are Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain), one of America’s most beloved authors born in 1835 and Winston Churchill, England’s most famous Prime Minister, born in 1874. I will see you soon in the next edition of “This Month in History.” Bye!